Born in 1509, John Calvin only 8 years old when Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses in 1517, making him a second generation reformer. Because of this, Calvin’s theology focused on finding common ground between Luther and Zwingli. Calvin encountered Luther’s works in 1534 and identified himself on the side of the Reformation.
Martin Luther brought passion and populism to the Reformation. Calvin brought an intellect, non-emotional approach to faith and helped the Reformation identify its theology.
His attempt to find common ground between Zwingli and Luther ended up forming a third theology. A theology which has spread around the world.