The parents of Martin Luther were Hans & Margarethe (Lindemann) Luder. Hans Luder (Luther) was the son of a peasant farmer. They moved to work in Eisleben, where Margarethe gave birth to a son. According to the Catholic tradition, they had the baby baptized the next day, November 11, which also was the Feast Day of St. Martin of Tours. They named him Martin.
Later the family moved to Mansfield. Hans was a common laborer in the copper mines but eventually advanced to the owner of his own copper mine. Scholars say that Hans and Margarethe loved their children, but were strict in their parenting.
In 1502 Martin finished a baccalaureate degree at the University of Erfurt, and by January 1505 he completed his master’s degree. He was 22 years old. His parents had plans for him to become a lawyer, but God had other plans for Martin’s life. Years later his parents made peace with the Martin’s decision.